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last updated: 2/8/2012



August 4, 2009

Web Primer on Energy Resources


-Indiana University Libraries -

Energy information and links to PDFs for faculty attending the IU two day Workshop on Energy, Aug. 6-7, 2009.Resources are organized according to Breakout Session topics.

Breakout Sessions

retrieve articles by going to


·Advanced Materials, Processes and Applications

Parker, Charles (Honeywell Aerospace, South Bend, IN)

Materials for Advanced Energy Generation : Overview features materials involved with electrochemical capacitors, photovoltaics, nuclear power, and power distribution

Advanced Materials and Processes, Jan2008, Vol. 166 Issue 1, p53-55, 3p

ABSTRACT:The article discusses materials under development to facilitate power generation by non-fossil sources inexpensively. The specific materials chosen for the article are those involved with electrochemical capacitors, photovoltaics, nuclear power, and power distribution. Materials covered include nanotube electrodes, silicon solar cells, and nuclear reactor fuel.

[non-technical, good general article, good background article]


Yannick Guérin, Gary S. Was, and Steven J. Zinkle, Guest Editors

Materials Challenges for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems

MRS Bulletin, vol. 34, #1, Jan2009, pp 10-19.

ABSTRACT:Nuclear energy holds the promise to provide vast amounts of reliable baseline electricity at commercially competitive costs with modest environmental impact. However, the future of nuclear energy lies beyond the current generation of light water reactors. Future reactors will be expected to provide additional improvements in safety, maintain high reliability, use uranium resources more efficiently, and produce lower volumes of less toxic solid wastes. Several advanced reactor concepts are under development to meet these demands. In most cases, these designs translate into higher operating temperatures and longer lifetimes, more corrosive environments, and higher radiation fields in which materials must reliably perform. This issue focuses on the materials challenges that will determine the feasibility of these advanced concepts and define the long-term future of nuclear power.

[also contains 4 pages of biographical information on leading scientists and materials engineers related to nuclear energy]


Alexander E. Farrell,1* Richard J. Plevin,1 Brian T. Turner,1,2 Andrew D. Jones,1 Michael O'Hare,2 Daniel M. Kammen1,2,3 CITED BY: 524

Science 27 January 2006:

Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals

Vol. 311. no. 5760, pp. 506 - 508

To study the potential effects of increased biofuel use, weevaluated six representative analyses of fuel ethanol. Studiesthat reported negative net energy incorrectly ignored coproductsand used some obsolete data. All studies indicated that currentcorn ethanol technologies are much less petroleum-intensivethan gasoline but have greenhouse gas emissions similar to thoseof gasoline. However, many important environmental effects ofbiofuel production are poorly understood. New metrics that measurespecific resource inputs are developed, but further researchinto environmental metrics is needed. Nonetheless, it is alreadyclear that large-scale use of ethanol for fuel will almost certainlyrequire cellulosic technology.


Chan, C.C., Fellow, IEEECited by: 222

State of the Art for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 90, 2, 2002, pp 247-275

ABSTRACT:In a world where environment protection and energy conservation are growing concerns, the development of electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) has taken on an accelerated pace. The dream of having commerically viable EVs and HEVs is becoming a reality. EVs and HEVs are gradually available in the market. This paper will provide an overview of the present status of electric and hybrid vehicles worldwide and their state of the art, with emphasis on the engineering philosophy and key technologies. The importance of the integration of technologies of automobile, electric motor drive, electronics, energy storage, and controls and also the importance of the integration of society strength from government, industry, research institutions, electric power utilities, and transportation authorities are addressed, The challenge of EV commercialization is discussed.


Winfried, Russ et. al.

Usability of food industry waste oils as fuel for diesel engines

Journal of Environmental Management86(3), Feb. 2008, pp 427-434

ABSTRACT:Two cogeneration units were each fitted with a prechamber (IDI) diesel engine in order to test the feasibility of using waste oils from the food industry as a fuel source, and additionally to test emissions generated by the combustion of these fuels. Esterified waste oils and animal fats as well as mustard oil were tested and compared to the more or less “common” fuels: diesel, rapeseed oil and rapeseed methyl ester.




Walter Binder and Niranjan Suri

Green Computing: Energy Consumption Optimized Service Hosting

Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5404, SOFSEM 2009: Theory and Practice of Computer Science

ABSTRACT:Green Computing is a recent trend towards designing, building, and operating computer systems to be energy efficient. While programs such as Energy Star have been around since the early 1990s, recent concerns regarding global climate change and the energy crisis have led to renewed interest in Green Computing. Data centers are a significant consumers of energy - both to power the computers as well as to provide the necessary cooling. This paper proposes a new approach to reduce energy utilization in data centers. In particular, our approach relies on consolidating services dynamically onto a subset of the available servers and temporarily shutting down servers in order to conserve energy. We present initial work on a probabilistic service dispatch algorithm that aims at minimizing the number of running servers such that they suffice for meeting the quality of service required by service-level agreements. Given the estimated energy consumption and projected growth in data centers, the proposed effort has the potential to positively impact energy consumption.


Foster, Ian

The Grid: A New Infrastructure for 21st Century Science Cited by:507

Grid technologies promise to transform the practice of science and engineering, by enabling large-scale resource sharing and coordinated problem solving within farflung communities.

[reprinted in both Physics Today, and the book Grid Computing: Making the Global Infrastructure a Reality, 2003]


Foster, Ian

Grid Services for Distributed System Integration  Cited by: 1121

Computer,vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 37-46, June 2002

Increasingly, computing addresses collaboration, data sharing, and interaction modes that involve distributed resources, resulting in an increased focus on the interconnection of systems both within and across enterprises. These evolutionary pressures have led to the development of Grid technologies.The authors' work focuses on the nature of the services that respond to protocol messages. Grid provides an extensible set of services that can be aggregated in various ways to meet the needs of virtual organizations, which themselves can be defined in part by the services they operate and share.

·Education and Workforce Development




J of Chemical Education, v. 85 (7), 2008, p. 891

Opinion piece summarizing a Nathan Lewis talk on “Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technologies”.Final words: “Most important of all is that energy issues will open for students vistas of the importance of chemistry in addressing major problems of our time and our society—problems that they themselves could work on if they became chemists. Chemistry may be a mature science, but that does not make it irrelevant or unimportant. Indeed its very maturity means that chemistry has tremendous potential to contribute to the good of everyone in the world.”


Schmid, G. Bruno

Energy and its carriers

Physics Education, 17, pp 212-218, 1982

Abstract. Reports on the first course of a new physics curriculum developed at the Karlsruhe Institute for the Didactics of Physics (Falk and Herrmann 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981). The entire curriculum begins at the elementary school level with children aged 10-12 and is intended to extend beyond high school and through university studies (Falk and Ruppel 1975, 1976). Energy is introduced as the primary quantity at the very beginning of the course. It is not 'derived' from other seemingly more fundamental quantities such as mass, displacement, velocity and force. However, the course is not an ad hoc construction simply to explain the concept of energy. The essential features of many natural and technological processes can be understood by considering the flow of energy.


Dipka Bhambhani

Solis, Chu call community colleges key to government plans for ‘green jobs’

Inside Energy with Federal Lands

April 27, 2009


Kurt Kleiner

Here Comes the Sun

Careers and Recruitment pp 740-741 (3 June 2009)

The solar-energy industry is poised for a strong comeback from the rough patch it has hit, thanks to solid governmental and private investment…” First Solar spent $11.7 million on R&D in the first quarter of 2009, more than double the $4.7 million it spent in the first quarter of last year. Suntech spent $15.3 million on R&D in 2008, SunPower in San Jose, California, spent $21.5 million, and Energy Conversion Devices of Rochester Hills, Michigan, spent $3.6 million…”


·Energy Source Management


Wind turbine concept market penetration over 10 years (1995-2004)  CITED BY: 10

Author(s): Hansen, AD; Hansen, LH

WIND ENERGYVolume: 10Issue: 1Pages: 81-97Published: JAN-FEB 2007

ABSTRACT:The aim of this article is to investigate the market penetration and share of different wind turbine concepts during the years 1995-2004, a period that represents the maturational era of the modern wind power industry. A detailed overview is given based on suppliers' market data and concept evaluation for each individual wind turbine type sold by the Top Ten suppliers over the selected decade.


Technological Options for the Management of Biosolids

Hailong Wang, Sally L. Brown, Guna N. Magesan, Alison H. Slade, Michael Quintern, Peter W. Clinton and Tim W. Payn

Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

15 (4), June, 2008, pp 308-317

ABSTRACT:Background, aim, and scopeLarge quantities of biosolids (sewage sludge), which are produced from municipal wastewater treatment, are ever-increasing because of the commissioning of new treatment plants and continuous upgrades of the existing facilities. A large proportion of biosolids are currently landfilled. With increasing pressure from regulators and the general public, landfilling of biosolids is being phased out in many countries because of potential secondary pollution caused by leachate and the emission of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Biosolids contain nutrients and energy that can be used beneficially. Significant efforts have been made recently to develop new technologies to manage biosolids and make useful products from them. In this paper, we provide a review of the technologies in biosolids management.


·Environmental Issues


Challenges to a Climate Stabilizing Energy Future  CITED BY:12

Chris Greena,, Soham Baksib,,and Maryam DilmaghaniaDepartment of Economics, McGill University, 855 Sherbrooke Street (W), Montreal, Canada H3A2T7

Department of Economics, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Canada R3B2E9

Available online 28 February 2006.


The paper surveys the major challenges to stabilizing the atmospheric CO2 concentration. Climate change, and policies to deal with it, is viewed as an energy problem. The energy problem stems from the fact that no combination of carbon-free energies is currently capable of displacing fossil fuels as the main sources of the world's base load energy requirements. The paper provides rough estimates of the amount of carbon-free energy required to stabilize climate, the potential contribution of “conventional” carbon-free energies, the contribution of renewable energies, and the size of an “advanced energy technology gap”. The findings indicate that stabilizing CO2 concentration will require a long-term commitment to research, develop, and eventually deploy new energy sources and technologies including hydrogen. The paper suggests that the role of technology is what makes stabilizing CO2 concentration economically feasible. In this respect energy technology and economics are complementary, with advances in the former requiring something more than a reliance on market-based instruments, such as carbon taxes and emission permits. The analysis has implications for the credibility of commitments to target climate change-related factors such as CO2 emissions.


·Organizational Barriers


Beyond petroleum?

Richard Van Noorden

BP's chief chemist talks about balancing the company's commitment to renewable energies with profit.

Nature News (7 July 2009) doi:10.1038/news.2009.645 News


Clean-energy agency recruits its founding members

Jeff Tollefson

75 countries banded together to form the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) as a way to promote clean-energy development around the globe.


Nature News (30 January 2009) doi:10.1038/news.2009.70 News

IRENA, The International Renewable Energy Agency
2 min 56 sec [a sort of informercial for this planned, high-tech, sustainable, zero-waste, zero-carbon city.]

“Some sceptics are concerned that the city [Masdar City] will be only symbolic for Abu Dhabi, and that it may become just a luxury development for the wealthy.”


·Policy, Economic and Legal Issues


Peet, JohnCited by: 105

Energy and the Ecological Economics of Sustainability

Island Press, 1992, 327 pages

This book examines the roots of the present environmental crisis in the neoclassical economics upon which modern industrial society is based. The author explains that only when we view ourselves in the larger context of the global ecosystem and accept the physical limits to what is possible can sustainability be achieved.


Economic Gloom Threatens Renewables Investment

Nature news, 459, 627 (2009)

Renewable-energy projects are struggling the most in terms of investment in the energy sector, according to a report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) on 27 May.


World Energy Outlook 2008 (International Energy Agency)To get to the PDF of this annual report, use Source OECD on the libraries web site, and search on World Energy Outlook.


·Sustainability and Transportation


The Sustainable Urban Development Reader brings together classic readings from a wide variety of sources to investigate how our cities and towns can become more sustainable.Sixty one selections span issues such as land use planning, urban design, transportation, ecological restoration, economic development, resource use, and equity planning.2004

The Energy Challenge

Mike Hightower, Suzanne A. Pierce

Nature 452, 285-286 (19 March 2008) doi:10.1038/452285a

Global energy consumption is expected to grow by 50% by 2030, squeezing already scarce water resources. The authors recommend ways to integrate water and energy planning.


Links to Indiana University Energy Organizations


Lugar Center for Renewable Energy

SPEA’s Center for Research in Energy and the Environment

Center for Research in Environmental Sciences

Indiana University Nanoscience Center


Current Debate on Climate Change (the mingling of politics and science)

American Physical Society 2007 National Policy Statement on Climate Change

“The evidence is incontrovertible: Global warming is occurring.”


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCCClimate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis(Note: even with a high speed connection, these online chapters from this Cambridge University Press title are large and take time to load.)


Other Recent Energy Articles

~ Wind Energy ~

International comparison of requirements for connection of wind turbines to power systems
Author(s): Jauch, C; Matevosyan, J; Ackermann, T, et al.CITED BY: 23
Source: WIND ENERGY   Volume: 8   Issue: 3   Pages: 295-306   Published: JUL-SEP 2005

Power production from wind turbines has increased considerably during the last decade. Therefore today's wind turbines, which are typically set up in wind farms, have a significant influence on the operation of power systems. The efficient and secure operation of power systems is supported by grid codes, which are sets of requirements for all network users (suppliers, customers, etc.). In Europe, several transmission network operators have introduced special grid connection requirements for wind farms. These requirements are mainly based on existing grid codes, initially written for conventional power plants usually equipped with synchronous generators. This article presents a comparison of grid connection requirements for wind farms issued, or proposed as a draft, by transmission network operators in Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Scotland and Ireland.


~ Business, and Green Energy ~


Stimulus Money May Finally Flow To Green Energy

Andy Stone, 07.09.09

Treasury announces $3 billion in federal grants to cover upfront project costs.


Forbes, 10/6/2008, Vol. 182 Issue 6, p120-162, 11p, 4 color


This article profiles the wealthiest people in the U.S. who have made their fortune in oil and other energy industries. They include George B. Kaiser, Leonard Blavatnik, Dan Duncan, Harold Hamm, Robert Rowling, Robert M. Bass, Robert Earl Holding, Dennis Washington, Richard Kinder, and Evgeny (Eugene) Shvidler.

Note: audio article contains 12 seconds of an advertisement for Factiva.


~ Nuclear Energy ~


Energy: Nuclear power's new dawn

Declan Butler

Nature 429, 238-240 (20 May 2004) doi:10.1038/429238a news feature


~ E-Books ~


Go to for access to thousands of recent articles, chapters, and over 200 e-books on energy alone published in the last five years.

Secretary of Energy Steven Chu on the 7/21/09, Jon Stewart show.(8:37)

Steven Chu in Current Biography Illustrated

Wikipedia Steven Chu


~ Videos in Wells Library ~


A Crude Awakening: The Oil Crash

90 minute documentary on the planet’s dwindling oil resources

Media and Reserve Services, Wells Library TN870 .C783 2007


The Great Global Warming Swindle

QC981.8.G56 G5 2007

IU Southeast (use Request Delivery)

Film claims that the chief cause of Global Warming is not human activity, but changes in radiation from the sun. Scientists in the film believe that the global warming advocates have created a hysteria that has no basis in reality.


An Inconvenient Truth

QC981.8.G56 I533 2006

Wells Library, various campus libraries

Former Vice President Al Gore explains the facts of global warming, presents arguments that the dangers of global warning have reached the level of crisis, and addresses the efforts of certain interests to discredit the anti-global warming cause. Between lecture segments, Gore discusses his personal commitment to the environment, sharing anecdotes from his experiences.

last updated: 2/8/2012